How to Maintain Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars

How to Maintain Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars

25 3 月, 2024

Do you have a hard time deciding between an electric car and a gasoline car? Concerned about which one will do less maintenance and save you money in the long run? It is a very important decision point in the purchase for consumers, whether for maintenance on electric cars or gasoline cars. 

In electric vehicles, it is crucial to deal with battery health and home EV charging systems, while in gasoline cars regular engine tune-ups and fuel system maintenance are of the same importance.

But fret not! Knowing how to maintain various types gives you the chance to make an informed decision. This comparison highlights insights on the differences in the required maintenance, costs, and environmental impacts to help in purchase decision-making. 

Electric Cars

General Maintenance Overview

Maintenance consists of the process of checking, repairing, and servicing your car to have it in good operation. Through regular maintenance, you guarantee more effective and safe performance and reliability.

Missing routine maintenance can be the cause of breakage, costly repairs, and safety issues. It is important to follow the maintenance recommendation of your vehicle manufacturer. Taking this measure minimizes the wear of your car and ultimately saves you from expensive repairs.

Electric Cars Vs Gas Comparison Table

Get insights on the key differences between the electric cars vs gas cars maintenance measures:

Sr. No.ItemElectric CarGas Car
1Engine ComplexitySimpler electric motorComplex internal combustion engine
2Fluid MaintenanceNo oil changes, potential top-offs for coolantRegular oil changes, other fluids (transmission, brake)
3BrakesRegenerative braking reduces wearFriction brakes wear and require replacement
4Tire Rotations & Other MaintenanceRequired at similar intervalsRequired at similar intervals
5EV-Specific MaintenanceBattery health checksNone
6Overall Maintenance CostGenerally lower due to fewer parts and fluidsGenerally higher due to oil changes and brake replacements

Maintenance of Electric Cars

A. Battery Maintenance

Monitoring Battery Health: Check the health of the battery of your electric car at regular intervals with diagnostic tools or through the dashboard display. Monitoring will help you to find out if there is any decrease or if something is not regular on time and you will be able to take countermeasures in advance.

Battery Cooling and Heating Systems: Maintain the good state of the battery’s cooling and heating systems, primarily in the hot and cold seasons. These systems allow for controlling the battery temperature and hence improve the battery performance and lifespan.

Replacement Considerations: Know the lifespan of your electric car’s battery and what will be your next step if you need to change it. Determine the warranty coverage of battery replacement and weigh in on the aftermarket alternatives to reduce the costs.

B. Electric Motor Maintenance

Inspection and Lubrication: Check the electric motor for wear and tear signs at regular intervals. Make lubrication of moving parts as mentioned by the manufacturer to keep friction and efficiency levels down.

Regenerative Braking Maintenance: Supervise and check the braking system that converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during braking. Check if your system is calibrated and functioning correctly to reach the maximum level of energy recovery and extend the life of the brakes.

Potential Issues and Repairs: Make sure to keep an eye out for issues like motor heating or uncommon sounds. Answer the inquiry immediately to stop any more damage and costly repairs. Consult an experienced technician for diagnosis and repair.

C. Charging System Maintenance

Charging Port Inspection: Inspect the charging port frequently for any particles, corrosion, or damage. Clean up the port where the connection has to be made to ensure proper connection and fast charging.

Cable and Connector Maintenance: Checking the charging cable and connectors for signs of wear, fraying, or damage could be a solution. By replacing damaged parts to avoid safety issues and ensuring dependable charging you can do this.

Onboard Charger Maintenance: Ensure the onboard charger is properly cared for following the OEM recommended procedures for software updates and diagnostics. Make sure you are covering compatibility with various charging stations and confirm appropriate operation.

D. Other Components

Cooling System Maintenance: Take care of the cooling system to avoid overheating and damage to components such as batteries and motors. Check fluid levels and look for hoses with leaks or damage.

HVAC System Maintenance: HVAC maintenance is required for optimal comfort and energy conservation. Replace the filter regularly and make sure that temperature control and airflow are fine.

Software Updates and Diagnostics: Make sure that you keep abreast of the latest patches and updates issued by the manufacturers. Continuously monitor the situation to get rid of software failures that impede performance or functionality.

Maintenance of Gasoline Cars

In the case of maintaining a gasoline car, many crucial zones require regular monitoring to enable the car to last longer and perform better.

A. Engine Maintenance

Oil changes and lubrication: Changing your engine oil regularly per manufacturer requirements is one of the effective ways to keep your engine well-lubricated and avoid damage to vital components.

Fuel system inspection: A periodic fuel system check guarantees efficient fuel delivery, an important aspect of engine performance and economy.

Spark plug replacement: Spark plugs eventually become worn, thus impacting engines’ performance. Switching them as recommended is equivalent to having optimal combustion and fuel efficiency.

B. Transmission Maintenance

Fluid checks and changes: By checking and replacing transmission fluid regularly, you ensure that the gear shifts are smooth and avoid costly transmission problems.

Clutch maintenance (for manual transmissions): If you drive a car with a manual transmission, the performance of the clutch is extremely important to ensure smooth execution, and to prevent premature clutch wear.

Transmission rebuilds or replacements: In some situations, problems with transmissions may require rebuilding or replacing the whole transmission, which could be done at an extra price.

C. Exhaust System Maintenance

Catalytic converter inspection: Conducting of inspection of the catalytic converter on a routine basis guarantees the correct emissions control and environmental regulation compliance.

Muffler and exhaust pipe maintenance: Check out and refurbish damaged or corroded mufflers and pipes in the exhaust system to allow proper exhaust flow and decrease noise emission levels.

Emissions system checks: Regular inspection of the exhaust system helps maintain the emission standard and obtain efficient operation along with the emission of fewer harmful substances.

D. Other Components

Cooling system maintenance: One should do regular coolant level checking and inspecting hoses and belts to prevent the engine from overheating and from engine damage.

HVAC system maintenance: Correct maintenance of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems will provide comfort and safety during your driving.

Suspension and steering system checks: Through the examination of suspension and steering, various aspects of the ride, stability, and overall handling of the car are maintained.

Click to learn: Electric car battery weight explained

Cost Comparison

A. Initial Purchase Costs

Primarily, electric cars are a bit more expensive upfront than gasoline cars because of the expensive batteries. While competitive pricing increases with technological advances and production scale-up, it has also become harder to maintain financial stability. Look at things such as coverage, features, and brand reputation while comparing prices.

The purchase of an electric car may be eligible for incentives or rebates if these are offered by the government at the federal, state, or local level to motivate eco-friendly methods of transport. Among others, these incentives can reduce greatly the initial cost of an electric vehicle, making it more affordable over time.

Initial Purchase Costs

B. Routine Maintenance Costs

Normally electric cars require lower routine maintenance than gasoline cars. Fewer motor components, no requirements for oil change or spark plug replacement, as well as transmission servicing, will bring you yearly savings.

Gas-operated cars tend to require more frequent repairs because of their complex internal combustion motors. Regular oil changes, filter replacements, tune-ups, and some other maintenance options will be your budget inclusions, which can add up over time.

C. Long-Term Maintenance Costs

Furthermore, maintenance costs of electric cars are usually expected to be lower compared to those of gasoline cars during their lifespan. Although electric vehicles may demand periodic servicing or battery replacement rarely, they generally have a lower number of major maintenance costs.

Gasoline cars tend to undergo more wear and tear over the whole life of vehicles with higher long-term expenses on maintenance and repair. Like engine repairs, transmission overhauls, or exhaust system replacements, they ultimately influence the total price of the vehicle.

D. Total Cost of Ownership Comparison

To decide between the total costs of ownership for electric cars as compared to gasoline cars, one should consider not only the initial cost of purchase but also the long-term maintenance charges.

Although electric cars might be a bit expensive at first, their lower usage and total maintenance expenses can make them more appealing over time. Furthermore, subsidies and rebates for electric cars can decrease the amount that they cost in the long run, increase affordability, and make them a better financial option.


Finally, you’ve gone through the most important points of maintenance for electric vehicles and gasoline-powered cars. Electric cars require the maintenance of batteries and charging systems, as well as the engine and transmissions for gasoline cars. In general, an electric car has lower maintenance costs and less air pollution.

Looking to the future, the efficiency of electric vehicle technology is expected to continue to decrease its maintenance complexity and increase its popularity. Keep on the lookout for upcoming trends such as wireless charging and diagnostic systems that will significantly alter the landscape of vehicle repair. While choosing your next car you should carefully think about these factors to make a smart decision for the future.

For all matters related to electric vehicle charging, you can visit and contact PIWIN. Our website provides public and home charging piles. If you need it, please feel free to contact us!

Related reading: FPL Fuel vs Non-Fuel: Comparison and Impact on EV Charging